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Zen Habits (Leo Babauta) - Spanish

12 Nuevo Reglamento de Trabajo que debe Abrazo Hoy


Foto cortesía de mackz

El lugar de trabajo,más y más,está cambiando,y con este cambio se produce un nuevo conjunto de reglas.

La oficina tradicional entorno de trabajo y las herramientas siguen ahí,pero a un ritmo muy rápido,que están siendo suplantados por nuevos y mejores herramientas,nuevas y mejores maneras de trabajar. Las antiguas normas se violan,y están surgiendo otras nuevas.

Usted puede llamar a este el lugar de trabajo del futuro,ya que no todas las empresas que han adoptado estos modelos,y será un par de años antes de que estas nuevas normas son la norma. Pero para mucha gente (yo incluido),este es el lugar de trabajo de hoy - no hay necesidad de esperar a las nuevas tecnologías o herramientas,porque ya está aquí.

Por lo que podrían esperar unos años,resistir las nuevas tendencias,hablar de cómo eran las cosas grandes en su día ... o que podría abarcar a las nuevas normas,y ser parte del cambio.

Transición de máquinas de escribir eléctricas

Yo amo a mi abuelo,un periodista de más de 50 años,pero siempre recuerdo cuando el periódico local (que es el ex jefe de redacción) pasó de máquinas de escribir a terminales de computadora y una computadora central. En lugar de escribir sus columnas con una máquina de escribir eléctrica,que había hecho durante 25 años,mi abuelo tuvo que aprender a escribir en un equipo ... y guardarlo,y tire de él desde un directorio.

Demostró ser un cambio muy difícil para él,y mientras que él todavía puede caer una impresionante columna con la mejor de ellas,la tecnología de los periódicos pasaron por él.

Puede usted pasar por demasiado,si lo permiten. Es por eso que mi filosofía ha sido la de aceptar el cambio,ser parte de ella,ayudar a dirigirlo,y no sólo resisten. Si una nueva tecnología o forma de trabajar es mejor,vamos a ir con él. Eso no significa que debemos aprobar las cosas sólo porque son nuevas y brillantes y de moda - a veces,la antigua es realmente mejor. Pero si las nuevas formas son mejores,vamos a abrazar ellos.

Google,Wikipedia,Linux,y los bloggers independientes y ... oh,mi!

Un número de empresas y proyectos encarnan el espíritu de las nuevas normas de trabajo,pero mis favoritos son Google,Wikipedia y Linux. Y el aumento de trabajadores independientes y los bloggers es otra tendencia que muestran estas nuevas normas.

1. Google: Si bien la propia empresa parece ya sea fresco o miedo,dependiendo de su punto de vista ... pero las herramientas que Google está haciendo no sólo son perfectas para el nuevo Reglamento de Trabajo,pero en muchos aspectos que están impulsando estos cambios. El archivo y la búsqueda de la filosofía de Gmail,la colaboración de GDocs fácil,la facilidad de uso de Gcal y otras herramientas en línea,los usos innovadores de la computación nube. Google herramientas encarnan las nuevas formas de trabajo.

2. Wikipedia: En unos pocos años,esto se ha convertido en una de las herramientas más útiles cada vez. Es más útil que regular las enciclopedias por un orden de magnitud. Y fue creado por la apertura de las cosas al público. A pesar de la crítica masiva de este proceso abierto,ha funcionado maravillosamente. Colaboración obras.

3. Linux: Otra herramienta que se ha creado mediante un proceso abierto,proceso de colaboración. Si bien todavía tiene una manera de ir,para muchos ya es mejor que Windows,que fue creado con fondos masiva,pero un sistema cerrado.

4. Independientes y bloggers : Moreymore,people are breaking out of the traditional workplaces in favor of more freedomyindependence. This means they are working using mobile computingytechnology,they are collaborating with others but not in the traditional heirarchical authoritarian structure,ythey work whereywhen they want,as long as they produce good-quality work.

El nuevo Reglamento de Trabajo

With new tools,new models of collaboration,ynew freedomymobility in working styles,some New Rules of Working are emerging. Not all of these have asserted their dominance yet,ythere’s no guarantee that they’ll ever totally supplant more traditional rulesycaminos of working. But they are emerging,yin my mind,they’re all positiveyexciting developments.

1. Online appsythe cloud beat the desktopyhard drive. While the majority of workers use desktop applications such as Microsoft Office,that’s rapidly changing. Today,people like me use apps that are almost all online,such as Gmail,Google DocsySpreadsheets,Gcal,WordPress,Twitter,Zoho Office,High Rise,Backpackymany others.

The advantages of online apps: you can use them on any computer,ynever have to worry about where you saved documents. With desktop apps,you have to save the document to a folderyeither email it to yourself or put it on a USB drive if you plan to work from home or on the road. And if you use another computer,you have to make sure you have the necessary desktop app. Mobile workers such as myself want to be able to use their key apps from anywhere,anytime.

Of course,there are disadvantagesylimitations to online apps,but the gap is narrowing moreymore. Many people also worry about being disconnected from the Internet. Well,that’s becoming lessyless of a problem -- I can’t remember the last time my Internet was down,yit’s never been a problem in more than a year of using almost exclusively online apps.

Using the cloud instead of your hard drive has similar advantages --yone of the best being that you don’t have to back up your info on your hard drive. In the cloud,the data is already backed up. And again,it’s available everywhere -- a very important factor in the emerging mobile workplace.

2. Colaborar en documentos,correo electrónico no les. I won’t name names,but recently I had to work with a group of people on a draft of a book. These people are intelligent people,but they are used to their old processes,yone of those is to use the Microsoft Word format for drafts,yto email revisions of the draft backyforth. In one case,they actually printed stuff out,marked up the printout,yFedExed it to me for further revisions.

But that’s outdated! With online apps such as Google Docs,real-time collaboration is so easy these days. You can be working on the same document at the same time,ychanges are autosaved. You can see who made what changes,you can go back to previous versions of the draft,yyou don’t have to worry about who has emailed the latest version. Best yet,if one of the collaborators is a Mac user (as I am),you don’t have to worry about whether he has a copy of Microsoft Office (which I don’tynever again will).

You can chat while collaborating. You can invite others to collaborate,ygive them specific permissions.

There is no reason to email documents anymore when you collaborate,yfor goodness sakes,there’s no reason to printymaila cada uno!

3. La colaboración es la nueva productividad. It used to be that we tried to work our butts off to produce,but mostly individually. Sure,there were meetings,ythere were teams,but in the end we mostly did it individually. It’s still that camino mostly.

But consider Wikipedia: if each of those articles were written by a single writer,ythen went through the traditional editingypublishing process,it would’ve taken para siempre to publish that many articles. Not to mention the headachesycost of coordinating such a vast project. But using collaborative technology (wikis),Wikipedia was able to do it at relatively low cost (mostly computers,not many people),ya massive project has been accomplished by collaboration. Groups of people collaborating in a smart camino are camino more productive than those people could be in the traditional camino,individually.

I could name many more examples of open-source technology,from Firefox to Linux to OpenOffice to Gaimyso many more -- these are excellent examples of software,done collaboratively. This model can be spread to almost any industry,yit’s vastly more productive.

That said,there will alcaminos be a need for individual work. Sometimes the best software is written by one genius,ythere’s nothing wrong with that. But to get really massive things accomplished,use collaboration.

“In the long history of humankind (and animal kind,too) those who learned to collaborateyimprovise most effectively have prevailed.” - Charles Darwin

4.People don’t have to be in an office. This is the one I wish most businesses would get,right now,right acamino. It’s so obvious once you get acamino from the traditional mindset. Traditionally,people worked in offices (and of course most still do). They go into the office,do their work,go to meeting,process paperwork,chat around the watercooler,clock outygo home.

These days,moreymore,that’s not necessary. With mobile computing,the cloud,online appsycollaborative processes,work can be done from anywhere,yoften is. More people are telecommuting. More people are working as freelancers or consultants. More businesses are allowing people to work from anywhere -- not just telecommuting from home,but literally anywhere in the world. People are forming small businesses who have never met,who live on different continents. People have meetings through Skype or Basecamp group chat. They collaborate through wikisyGoogle apps.

Si usted está atascado en la mentalidad tradicional,reflexionar sobre lo que realmente necesitan las cosas que hacer en una oficina. A veces hay razones legítimas para trabajar en una oficina,pero a menudo estos obstáculos tienen otras soluciones que simplemente no han explorado aún.

The advantages of a decentralized workplace are many. Workers who have more freedom are happier,yoften more passionate about their work. They disfrutar collaborating with others who are smartytalented,ywork is no longer drudgery. Flexible schedules work well for many people’s lifestyles. Mobile computing is actually good for many types of businesses where people need to be on the go. And what really matters isn’t that the worker is present,but that the work is being done.

5. Archivo,el archivo no. Traditionally,people filed paper documents in folders,labeled the folders,yorganized them in cabinets. With moreymore documents being stored in computers,this camino of organizing carried over to the computer desktop,with foldersyfiles all being organized (or disorganized,if you aren’t careful). This meant that either you spent a lot of time filingyorganizing,or you lost things.

Today,many people still work that camino,even if it doesn’t make the most sense. What makes more sense,with the power of computersyspeed of today’s apps,is the method popularized by Gmail: archiveysearch. Instead of creating folders for everything,ythen diligently filing,you could now just hit “archive”ythen use Gmail’s very fast search engine to find what you need. Of course,you could still “tag” things which is almost like folders but more versatile,but even that is optional.

Why is this better? Think about how much time is saved,when you don’t have to file. It’s much easier,less headaches. You don’t have to remember to fileythen lose things if you get disorganized. You can just searchyfind it.

This applies not only to emails,but to everything. Bookmarks are searchable in Delicious,my blog posts are searchable in WordPress,files are searchable on the desktop (on the Mac,QuicksilverySpotlight both work very well; on the PC,Google Desktop also works well) or in an online server. Nothing needs to be filed -- everything is searchable,yfinding things is much faster through search than having to browse through files or directories.

Some people say they have trouble finding stuff sometimes through search. I haven’t had that problem yet,yit’s all I do these days. I think it just takes a bit of a shift in mindset.

6. Pequeños equipos son mejores que los grandes equipos. Sé que he dicho es la nueva colaboración de productividad,pero para muchos proyectos en los que un equipo se define (en oposición a los esfuerzos de colaboración como la Wikipedia,donde cualquiera puede participar),un pequeño equipo trabaja mucho mejor. Es más rápido,nimbler,más inteligente,menos burocrática,más creativo.

Think of a large corporation like Microsoft,trying to start up a new enterprise. Microsoft has never been good at that,because of its size. It’s better at taking the innovation of other companiesyleveraging existing dominant markets to make its new software or service successful. Or buying smaller companies who do something wellymerging it with existing businesses. But when it tries to start something new on its own,the team doing so is well-funded,with the full force of the mega-corporation behind it …yyet has to go through so many bureaucratic steps,it’s like going through the old USSR government. The new product ends up having tons of features (most of which aren’t needed)ytakes para siempre to launch.

New startups of just a handful of people -- sometimes just 3-4 people -- can create brilliant new products by keeping things small,leanysimple. They don’t included a bloated feature set,don’t have to worry about writing up technical specsygetting approval,don’t have to go through bureaucracy. They just write the codeymake it work,as fast as possible,because otherwise they die. Small teams are leanyhungry,with more freedomycreativity.

7. La comunicación es un arroyo. This is something I still have trouble with. In the traditional model,paperwork comes into an inbox,yyou process things sequentially until you’re done. Phone calls came inyyou took them as they came,ytook care of each one. Lettersyfaxes came in,yyou dealt with them one at a time.

So when email became the norm,the same top-down,sequential processing applied. Getting Things Done uses this method -- start from the top,ywork to the bottom until you’re finished. Unfortunately,this is a bit overwhelming to many people these days,because there’s just too much coming in to handle this camino.

So the new camino of working sees communication as a stream. You go inybathe in the stream,ythen get out. It’s never-ending -- think about when emailsyIMsyTwittersyRSS feedsyforum postsyother types of things you read ever stopped coming in. It doesn’t happen. And because it’s never-ending,you can’t process from top to bottom,sequentially.

How do you work with the stream? You know it’s never-ending,yyou don’t try to process it all. You take what you need,go in every nowythen to see what’s going on,ydon’t worry that you’re missing things. You’re alcaminos missing things -- everybody is. No one can fully process this stream -- it’s too overwhelming. Who can read all the blog posts out there? Who can respond to every emailyTwitteryforum post? Who can read everything on Digg or Delicious or Stumbleupon? No one.

So you find what interests you,search for what you need,ypickychoose the things that matter most to you. Can you answer every email? No -- so answer the important ones,yarchive the rest. Can you know everything going on in your field or industry? No -- so monitor what interests you,ywhen things really matter you’ll find out from your network of friends or blogs you read.

No todo el proceso - se centran en lo que es importante para usted.

8. Un menor número de tareas son mejores que muchos. With the overwhelming amount of information coming at us,there’s also an overwhelming amount of requestsythings to do. While the old camino of thinking said that we should Get Things Done,that’s just not possible anymore. And it’s not even desirable to do a huge task list -- you’re just spinning your wheels.

En cambio,centrarse en las pocas tareas que hacen que la diferencia de la mayoría - para su empresa,a su carrera,a su vida. Simplifica tu lista de tareas .

9. Reunión (por lo general) chupar. The traditional camino of doing business includes company meetings throughout the day,taking an hour or more usually. This can eat up half of your day or more. Add to that individual meetings -- at lunch,or having drinks,or just a one-on-one in the office --yyou’re meeting more than you’re producing.

If you’ve sat through a lot of meetings,like I have,you know they’re almost alcaminos useless. Sure,sometimes they’re good,but most of the time they’re boring,full of chit-chat or useless information,yreally can be accomplished through a simple email or phone call. They’re a waste of everyone’s time,yworse yet,most people know it. And nothing changes.

En vez de,learn to accomplish the tasks of a meeting through an email,a quick phone call,a quickyfocused IM,an online group chat if necessary. Collaborate through online tools,such as those mentioned above. Keep meetings to a bare minimum. Sure,you still need to socialize with people,yhave actual conversations,but boringyuseless meetings aren’t the best camino to do that. If you control your company or division,do yourselfyyour company a favor by eliminating most of your meetings.

"Las reuniones son indispensables cuando no quieren hacer nada".- John Kenneth Galbraith

10. De código abierto es mejor que la privada. This is related to Rule 3,where collaboration is the key to productivity,but it goes a step beyond that: instead of being closedyprotectionist,open things to the public. Be accountable,release copyright,allow people to share,yallow others to contribute.

The traditional camino was to keep things a secret,ynot let others be privy to your inside information. Only those on the inside were allowed to collaborate. If people tried to share without paying,you sued.

The open-source model works much better in many cases. It allows people to contribute,recognizing that not just a select few people have good ideas or talent. It allows people to share,recognizing that an idea grows in value as it becomes more widespread,yan artist grows in worth as he reaches a wider audience,ya program becomes more successful as it becomes more popular.

This model can be applied to many businesses,from publishing to online apps to information workersymore ( incluso blogs !). It can even be applied to governments,if we open the spectrum of ideas a bit wider. Imagine a government where all information is available,making things more accountable. Imagine a government not just “of the people” in words,but action -- the people are actually contributing to itymaking it work. Imagine a government where everything is distributed,ydemocratic,yshared. It’s idealistic,but it’s something that can happen if we embrace the open-source model.

11. El descanso es tan importante como el trabajo. In the traditional model,people worked long hours to accomplish as much as possibleyget ahead in their careers. However,there is a high rate of burnoutyjob dissatisfactionyemployee turnover in this model.

The new model recognizes that we’re people,not machines. That we have livesyinterests outside work. That we need a good nap nowythen (or even every day). That when we’re well rested,we work better,ywe’re happier.

I’m not saying you have to rest just as much as you work,but that you should recognize that not only is nothing wrong with taking a nap,it’s actually a good thing. Work doesn’t have to be monotonousydone in 8-hour shifts -- it can be fun,ydone in productive bursts. See este artículo para obtener más .

12. Focus,no cigüeñal. This is a corollary of Rule 8: instead of cranking through a lot of tasksymulti-tasking,learn to focus on important tasksysingle-task.

In recent decades,multi-tasking has been seen as a productive thing -- although the more traditional model,dating decades earlier,said that doing una tarea a la vez was a good thing. Today,moreymore people are realizing that when you constantly switch between tasks,you get very little done. You actually tend to procrastinate on the important stuff,yuse multi-tasking as a camino to postpone doing things. You can crank through tasks all day long,GTD style,ynot get anything real done.

En vez de, simplificar , identificar los elementos esenciales ,ylearn to focus on una tarea a la vez .

Unas palabras finales

Not all of these “rules” are accepted by the majority of people today -- in fact,most aren’t. But a growing number of people are working this camino,yI think a majority of people will work this camino in the near future.

Not all of these caminos of working will work for you or your company. Some businessesypeople are better suited for the traditional models,ythat’s OK. Figure out what works for you,ywhat you do.

However,at least give these points some consideration. In some cases,they’ll be a better camino of working,ycan be good changes. I think this is exciting stuff,yI hope you’ll embrace these changes as I have.

"El que rechaza el cambio es el arquitecto de descomposición. La única institución humana que rechaza el progreso es el cementerio ".- Harold Wilson

Véase también: Abrir Sourcing Su creatividad en LifeDev

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