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Cómo Aprender Más y Menos de estudios

Foto mortales Cleopatra
Nota del editor: Este es un puesto de invitado por escrito por Scott Young.Todos los lunes es el Día de Productividad y Organización en el Zen Habits.The título de este post suena imposible ¿verdad? Mi actual del PAM es un 4.2, que corresponde a mitad de camino entre una A y una A +.A pesar de esto, no he hecho pasar mucho [...]

Foto fatal Cleopatra

Nota del editor: Este es un post escrito por guest Scott Young .Todos los lunes se Día de la productividad y Organización Zen en hábitos.The title of this post sounds impossible right? My current GPA is a 4.2, which rests midway between an A and an A+. Despite this, I didn’t actually spend much time studying. Using some of the techniques I’ll describe, I’ve been able to:

  • Place first in a three province wide chemistry test. Of which I didn’t study or was even taught much of the material beforehand.
  • Puntuación el primer lugar, con un examen de Inglés para mi escuela (no se estudian aquí, bien).
  • Logrado una A + en un curso de economía, donde ni siquiera asisten a las clases.

I say all this not to boast about how great I am, because I feel my accomplishments are rather modest compared to many people I know. I also won’t discount genetic or environmental advantages that can partially account for my small successes. I mention this because I want to illustrate a point:

El tiempo dedicado al estudio no es lo mismo el aprendizaje.

Estudiar más el tiempo no ayuda si la forma en que están estudiando está viciado de partida.

Aprendizaje holístico
Smart people don’t just learn better. They learn differently. While many students get caught up in memorizing facts, intelligent learners know to seek the bigger picture and connect the facts together. This form of learning I call holistic learning.

Holistic learning is basically the opposite of rote memorization. Instead of reciting lists of facts, rules or formulas, you seek to connect ideas together. Instead of having separate boxes in your head for geometry, algebra or ancient India, you deliberately link facts together, so they form a bigger picture.

Excessive studying shows you aren’t learning holistically. It shows that you didn’t learn the material the first time. If you properly link ideas together to see the bigger picture, studying should only be a brief refresher.

Cómo Aumentar Tu hábitos de estudio
Holistic learning isn’t like a brainstorming technique or mind-mapping. It is fundamentally changing how you look at the process of learning and how you absorb information. As such, taquí isn’t an easy ten step program to master it.

Sin embargo, existen algunas herramientas que pueden ayudarle a cambiar sus hábitos de aprendizaje para que sea más global:

  1. Visceralize - You’ve probably heard of visualizing, right? Visceralizing means taking all of your senses and connecting it to information. Studies have shown that people remember more vividly information that comes to us in an emotionally aroused state. Linking feelings, senses and imagery to bland ideas makes them more real. You probably counted on your fingers when learning numbers, why can’t you do the same when you are learning now?
  2. Metáfora- The heart of holistic learning is relating things together. Metaphors are literary devices that link two things that normally don’t go together. Come up with metaphors to describe more complicated ideas in simpler terms.
  3. Diez Años de Regla - Explain ideas to yourself as you would to a ten year old. Sure, this isn’t always possible in your last years of a medical degree or learning how to apply neural networks to computer AI. But the idea is that you should be able to “dumb down” an idea enough so it seems obvious to yourself.
  4. Trace Volver - Put away your books and start with a random fact or concept. Then relate that idea to another concept in your subject. Keep doing this tracing pattern until you’ve linked many ideas together. The Gupta Dynasty reminds you of ancient Greece which reminds you of Socrates, reminding you of Confucius…
  5. De actualización de exploración - Scan through information in your text book. Notice whenever you encounter information that you either don’t remember or weren’t 100% sure about. Quickly link that information back to existing ideas through viscerlization and metaphor. If your refresher scan is turning up more than a few points per chapter, you haven’t learned it thoroughly enough.
  6. Comprimir Información - Not all information works well for holistic learning. A common point cited to me is learning anatomy for first year medical students. Anatomy involves learning arbitrary Latin names for hundreds of different elements of your body. Taquí often aren’t clear patterns and constructs, just a dry list of facts. When encountering information such as this, your goal should be to compress it. Find ways to group information into smaller chunks of memory through pictures or mnemonics.
  7. Escribir - Take a piece of paper and write out the connections in the information. Reorganize the information into different patterns. The key aquí is the writing, not the final product. So don’t waste your time making a pretty picture. Scribble and use abbreviations to link the ideas together.

Scott Young is a blogger on learning, productivity and habits. You can check out his website aquí . If you want to learn more about Aprendizaje holístico, download his free e-book: Aprendizaje holístico: How to Study Better, Learn More and Actually “Get” What You Want to Learn .

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